Cover Letter / December 22, 2018 / Loraine Cohen.
Before you can know which of the top resume formats will work best for you it is important that you understand the purpose of each of the formats. There are three primary resume formats. Chronological Resume This format places a great emphasis on your work history and education. This is the format most people think of when they hear the term resume. For decades this was THE resume format. However times have changed and now other formats have become acceptable for resumes. You should consider using the chronological format when you have a strong work history and academic achievements. Not all of us have that strong work history displaying a clear career path. For many reasons including the unavailability of the right job many of us have taken a job outside of what would be considered a normal career path.
Most employers prefer this type of resume format as they can easily assess your qualifications by reviewing your recent and past employment history and educational background. Putting your most recent employment first can help them gauge your suitability to the role. It is a known fact that most employers would prefer someone who had recent experience with a role than someone who had experience with it five years ago. When using a chronological resume format you should list your most recently held position followed by two to four other positions arranged in reverse order. Also include the months and years you were employed. You dont necessarily have to provide the exact date. Be sure to be able to explain gaps in your employment if there are any as this will be most noticeable in this type of resume format.
Obviously there is a lot of competition out there from other job seekers vying for the same position. Youll need to start your resume writing by deciding on a format. There are essentially 3 different resume formats: the chronological resume the functional resume and the combination resume. Each has its advantages and disadvantages which is explained below. The Chronological Resume Format The chronological resume format is the most common and the one that people are most familiar with. In the chronological format each of your jobs and corresponding descriptions of responsibilities are listed in chronological order starting with the most recent job. Dates of each job are included on the resume and it usually includes a career objective section skills & attributes section or profile section and an education section.
The Functional Resume Format The functional resume format is not as common and most often recommended for people who have gaps in their work history or for those who have been out of the workforce for a while. What is most prominent about this resume format is the candidates skills attributes and accomplishments. A career objective should also be included as well as any educational qualifications. The actual jobs however do not include the dates. The career history section will typically be limited to a list of company names location of each company and job titles. One advantage to using this format is that it usually shortens the length of a resume. If youve got a 25 year job history and several jobs where youve performed a lot of the same duties you can imagine how lengthy (not to mention repetitive) your resume might get.
When to Use the Functional Resume Format Functional resume formats are more difficult to create and are not widely used. However they are suitable in situations where people are changing career fields. The functional resume format is based more on skill development. The format is non-linear and the emphasis is on development and achievements. You can list experiences other than paid jobs. Employers will be able to see your progressive skill developments that qualify you for the job Some people choose to combine the two resume formats to gain the benefits of each and avoid their shortcomings. Scannable Resume Format Another type of resume format you may have to use is the scannable resume. Many employers store resumes in electronic databases nowadays.