Cover Letter / December 22, 2018 / Hilary Kirby
Most employers prefer this type of resume format as they can easily assess your qualifications by reviewing your recent and past employment history and educational background. Putting your most recent employment first can help them gauge your suitability to the role. It is a known fact that most employers would prefer someone who had recent experience with a role than someone who had experience with it five years ago. When using a chronological resume format you should list your most recently held position followed by two to four other positions arranged in reverse order. Also include the months and years you were employed. You dont necessarily have to provide the exact date. Be sure to be able to explain gaps in your employment if there are any as this will be most noticeable in this type of resume format.
Not all of us have that strong work history displaying a clear career path. For many reasons including the unavailability of the right job many of us have taken a job outside of what would be considered a normal career path. If this applies to you then you may be more interested in the next format. Functional Resume The functional resume places a heavy emphasis on skills and abilities. If you have a very strong skill-set however you lack a solid work history you may want to consider the functional format. By drawing the employers attention to your strong set of relevant skills your lack of a solid work history becomes of secondary importance. Did you notice I said relevant skills? By relevant I mean of course those skills that directly apply to the job position the employer is trying to fill.
Here are some cases where a functional resume is best: When youre new to the workforce or coming back after a long absence When you have large or many gaps in your work history When youve worked for only 1 or 2 companies over many years When you want to make a career change When youve been in the workforce for many years and you want to de-emphasize your age Youve worked at a number of different unrelated jobs. Tips for using this resume format. Highlight your most relevant assets for each job youre seeking up front in the resume in their general order of importance. If you dont have much formal work experience then list any skills or experience that can translate into such including volunteer work and internships. Be honest though; dont make stuff up.