Cover Letter / December 21, 2018 / Clarissa Mendoza
Deciding on a resume format is the first major decision to be made when creating your resume. The overall look of your resume depends on the resume format font and outline you choose. The two main types of format in use are the chronological and functional formats. When to Use the Chronological Resume Format A Chronological resume is the easiest to create and it is also the most widely used format. Chronological resume format allows you to list your job experiences starting with the most recent and moving back in time. This allows employers to see your progression in the career field. If you are staying in your career field this format will allow employers to see if you are qualified for the job you are applying for. It may not be beneficial for people changing career fields.
The Functional Resume Format The functional resume format is not as common and most often recommended for people who have gaps in their work history or for those who have been out of the workforce for a while. What is most prominent about this resume format is the candidates skills attributes and accomplishments. A career objective should also be included as well as any educational qualifications. The actual jobs however do not include the dates. The career history section will typically be limited to a list of company names location of each company and job titles. One advantage to using this format is that it usually shortens the length of a resume. If youve got a 25 year job history and several jobs where youve performed a lot of the same duties you can imagine how lengthy (not to mention repetitive) your resume might get.
The functional resume format is an effective way to reduce the number of pages that an employer will have to read and will make your application more impactful. The disadvantage to this resume format is that recruiters dont like it. They get suspicious about your job history if no dates are included and may toss it in the garbage if it raises too many questions. Although at one time I used a functional resume because in my chronological resume I had gaps in my work history that I suspected were keeping the phone from ringing with interview requests. I changed the format from chronological to functional and the phone started to ring! So for the best of both worlds you might want to try the combination resume if youve got gaps in your work history or have been out of the workforce for a while.