Cover Letter / December 20, 2018 / Lidia Jenkins.
Deciding on a resume format is the first major decision to be made when creating your resume. The overall look of your resume depends on the resume format font and outline you choose. The two main types of format in use are the chronological and functional formats. When to Use the Chronological Resume Format A Chronological resume is the easiest to create and it is also the most widely used format. Chronological resume format allows you to list your job experiences starting with the most recent and moving back in time. This allows employers to see your progression in the career field. If you are staying in your career field this format will allow employers to see if you are qualified for the job you are applying for. It may not be beneficial for people changing career fields.
Most employers prefer this type of resume format as they can easily assess your qualifications by reviewing your recent and past employment history and educational background. Putting your most recent employment first can help them gauge your suitability to the role. It is a known fact that most employers would prefer someone who had recent experience with a role than someone who had experience with it five years ago. When using a chronological resume format you should list your most recently held position followed by two to four other positions arranged in reverse order. Also include the months and years you were employed. You dont necessarily have to provide the exact date. Be sure to be able to explain gaps in your employment if there are any as this will be most noticeable in this type of resume format.
Perhaps the format most people see most often is the chronological format for resumes. This format is essentially a timeline where previous work experience is listed according to when it occurred. You can use either chronological order or reverse chronological order on your resume but most people opt for reverse chronological. This type of format is so popular because it lends itself well to many industries and positions. Of all of the resume formats available the chronological one offers the ability to show how you have progressed in your career. This is because if you have worked your way up from a junior position to a senior management position it will be obvious with this format because the potential employer will see the advancement. For some people the functional format may be the best alternative. In particular those who have held a number of different jobs and cannot demonstrate longevity may opt for the functional format because it shifts the focus away from this fact and more towards the type of work the job seeker has done instead of where and when this work was done. In general any of the resume formats can work well for you as long as you also make sure the information on your resume is well written. It certainly goes without saying that care should be taken to avoid mistakes in grammar or spelling.
You can do this in your cover letter. A chronological resume format works best when you have acquired some professional experience and not fresh out from college. Functional Resume Format If you are fresh out of school and have no substantial professional experience to talk of it is best to use a functional resume format. This type of resume format puts more focus on your qualifications and skills rather than your employment and professional history. So rather than listing positions held in reverse order you will be listing out key competencies that are required and relevant to the role. An example could be "People Management" or "Customer Relations". Then proceed to enumerate tasks or duties you performed whether at school part time jobs or at community projects that help to reinforce this skill.
However the job market is impulsive these days and your situation could change instantly. Come what may you will gain from thinking about how to present yourself in a fine manner. There are basically two types of resume format chronological format and skills format. The chronological format presents your work information chronologically. This is a good format to use if you have a concrete employment record with a stable career growth curve. In this format you can reveal your reliability and professional development. If you have just passed out of a school or returning to the workforce or if you have gaps in your work experience you may try the skills format for your resume. In this format highlight the skills you offer using your work history to hold these skills rather than as the core of the resume.