Cover Letter / December 24, 2018 / Gina Pennington
The Functional Resume Format The functional resume format is not as common and most often recommended for people who have gaps in their work history or for those who have been out of the workforce for a while. What is most prominent about this resume format is the candidates skills attributes and accomplishments. A career objective should also be included as well as any educational qualifications. The actual jobs however do not include the dates. The career history section will typically be limited to a list of company names location of each company and job titles. One advantage to using this format is that it usually shortens the length of a resume. If youve got a 25 year job history and several jobs where youve performed a lot of the same duties you can imagine how lengthy (not to mention repetitive) your resume might get.
Each entry MUST be followed up with verifiable evidence that you indeed have practical knowledge and application of the stated skill. So ... how do you know which resume format to use? This ultimately depends on the job you are applying for previous work history and skills. A simple rule of thumb is if the job you are applying for is similar to other jobs you have had in the past you can use the "professional" format. If the job your applying for is not similar to other jobs you have had in the past you may want to use the "skills" format. Regardless of which you ultimately end up using writing a draft of your resume in each helps you focus on results and skills that future employers are looking for. Previously I never really thought much about resume formats but one day I realized having periods of unemployment on my resume may be costing me interview opportunities. To take the focus off of these gaps in my employment history I wanted to design my resume so the focus is on the skills I have and how I have applied them successfully in my career. I found out there was a functional resume format which does just what I was looking for. I am certainly not the only one out there who is frustrated with standard formats for resumes and feels as though these do not work well for them. Many of these people get discouraged when they review their own resumes and wind up not applying for jobs they really want just because they feel their resume is not strong enough. I was one of these people and routinely avoided applying for certain jobs because I was not happy with my resume but then I learned different formats could really improve my resume.
There are a number of situations in which this resume format works well such as: When youre trying to make a career change. (You can list your relevant skills and experience up front then any relevant education. Next list your job history but only include the relevant duties performed at each. When you have done almost the same duties everywhere youve worked. (Listing the same duties over and over under each employer is redundant. Instead you can highlight your most significant skills and experience up front along with any special awards or achievements. Then list only company-specific duties under each employer. Tips for using this resume format. Take the tips listed above for each of the other formats and incorporate them. Also keep in concise and interesting. Avoid boring job descriptions.