Cover Letter / December 21, 2018 / Kristy Wall.
It is generally made up of one to two pages and often comes in two distinct resume formats: Chronological and Functional. So which one is best suited for you? To decide which resume format is best for your current requirement let us briefly discuss the structure and merits of the two. Chronological Resume Format Chronological is described as something that is arranged according to the order of time. A chronological resume format therefore is where your professional experiences and educational attainment are arranged in the order they were obtained. In a resume this is usually done by starting out with the latest or most current experience followed by the one before that. This is why it is also often called as a reverse chronological resume.
It highlights the company you worked for the position you had and the location of employment. Under each entry you then can add details about your employment such as accomplishments and responsibilities. One common question I am asked is how to handle promotions. Each promotion should be entered as a NEW entry with an update on the job title and focus on additional accomplishments and responsibilities. The most important concept to remember if you are using a "professional" resume format is that the additional "details" should ideally be focused on the job your applying for! This means you should have multiple copies of your resume as you emphasize different accomplishments and responsibilities based on the job description of the job your applying for. The 2nd most used resume writing format is the "skills" format. In this resume writing format the layout is similar to the chronological but rather than focusing on job history the layout focuses on skills and accomplishments. This resume format is best used by individuals who are making a transition in employment where the jobs are quite different however the skill sets are still applicable. The overwhelming emphasis on the "skills" format is results. It is not enough to simply say "Sales" with no explanation of why thats a proven skill set.
Obviously there is a lot of competition out there from other job seekers vying for the same position. Youll need to start your resume writing by deciding on a format. There are essentially 3 different resume formats: the chronological resume the functional resume and the combination resume. Each has its advantages and disadvantages which is explained below. The Chronological Resume Format The chronological resume format is the most common and the one that people are most familiar with. In the chronological format each of your jobs and corresponding descriptions of responsibilities are listed in chronological order starting with the most recent job. Dates of each job are included on the resume and it usually includes a career objective section skills & attributes section or profile section and an education section.
A functional resume format is also applicable for career changers as their professional experience might vary considerably from what is being offered. But more often than not they will have acquired some skills from their previous career that are applicable to the new career path they have chosen. Choosing which resume format to use is entirely up to you. But it is important to keep these key differences and advantages in mind in deciding which one you are going to choose. In many cases you might be able to use both types and it is often termed as a combination resume format. If you do opt to combine the strengths of both resume formats just make sure to limit the length of your resume and stick to information relevant to the role.
Most employers prefer this type of resume format as they can easily assess your qualifications by reviewing your recent and past employment history and educational background. Putting your most recent employment first can help them gauge your suitability to the role. It is a known fact that most employers would prefer someone who had recent experience with a role than someone who had experience with it five years ago. When using a chronological resume format you should list your most recently held position followed by two to four other positions arranged in reverse order. Also include the months and years you were employed. You dont necessarily have to provide the exact date. Be sure to be able to explain gaps in your employment if there are any as this will be most noticeable in this type of resume format.