Cover Letter / December 22, 2018 / Melinda Lucas.
Perhaps the format most people see most often is the chronological format for resumes. This format is essentially a timeline where previous work experience is listed according to when it occurred. You can use either chronological order or reverse chronological order on your resume but most people opt for reverse chronological. This type of format is so popular because it lends itself well to many industries and positions. Of all of the resume formats available the chronological one offers the ability to show how you have progressed in your career. This is because if you have worked your way up from a junior position to a senior management position it will be obvious with this format because the potential employer will see the advancement. For some people the functional format may be the best alternative. In particular those who have held a number of different jobs and cannot demonstrate longevity may opt for the functional format because it shifts the focus away from this fact and more towards the type of work the job seeker has done instead of where and when this work was done. In general any of the resume formats can work well for you as long as you also make sure the information on your resume is well written. It certainly goes without saying that care should be taken to avoid mistakes in grammar or spelling.
Its also not the best choice for someone new to the workforce or someone coming back into the job market after a number of years such as a mother who stopped working to raise children and is now returning to work. In those cases and others detailed below a functional resume format may present a more positive picture. The Functional Resume Format What it is. This resume format is also known as a skills resume because it is a summary of your qualifications organized by education experience achievements and skills rather than by job. In fact there is very little emphasis on employer history. When it works best. Many employers and recruiters may prefer the chronological resume format because it is so easy to read at a glance. But it wont serve you well in some situations.
It highlights the company you worked for the position you had and the location of employment. Under each entry you then can add details about your employment such as accomplishments and responsibilities. One common question I am asked is how to handle promotions. Each promotion should be entered as a NEW entry with an update on the job title and focus on additional accomplishments and responsibilities. The most important concept to remember if you are using a "professional" resume format is that the additional "details" should ideally be focused on the job your applying for! This means you should have multiple copies of your resume as you emphasize different accomplishments and responsibilities based on the job description of the job your applying for. The 2nd most used resume writing format is the "skills" format. In this resume writing format the layout is similar to the chronological but rather than focusing on job history the layout focuses on skills and accomplishments. This resume format is best used by individuals who are making a transition in employment where the jobs are quite different however the skill sets are still applicable. The overwhelming emphasis on the "skills" format is results. It is not enough to simply say "Sales" with no explanation of why thats a proven skill set.
However the job market is impulsive these days and your situation could change instantly. Come what may you will gain from thinking about how to present yourself in a fine manner. There are basically two types of resume format chronological format and skills format. The chronological format presents your work information chronologically. This is a good format to use if you have a concrete employment record with a stable career growth curve. In this format you can reveal your reliability and professional development. If you have just passed out of a school or returning to the workforce or if you have gaps in your work experience you may try the skills format for your resume. In this format highlight the skills you offer using your work history to hold these skills rather than as the core of the resume.
There are a number of situations in which this resume format works well such as: When youre trying to make a career change. (You can list your relevant skills and experience up front then any relevant education. Next list your job history but only include the relevant duties performed at each. When you have done almost the same duties everywhere youve worked. (Listing the same duties over and over under each employer is redundant. Instead you can highlight your most significant skills and experience up front along with any special awards or achievements. Then list only company-specific duties under each employer. Tips for using this resume format. Take the tips listed above for each of the other formats and incorporate them. Also keep in concise and interesting. Avoid boring job descriptions.